Flatirons Periodontics & Implant Dentistry

Dental Implants | Implant Types, Treatment and Recovery Guide

If you are missing teeth, you may consider dental implants to restore your smile. Dental implants are gradually replacing traditional tooth replacement methods such as dentures. Implants are a permanent option that can usually be installed quickly by the dentist.

Dental Implant

Even though this technique is gaining popularity, there is a lot a patient needs to know before getting dental implants. This includes information on the various types of dental implants available, their costs, how to care for them after they are placed, and how to recover from them.

Dental implants are artificial dental roots that hold a replacement tooth or teeth in place. They either prevent or reverse jawbone loss. The implantation procedure is prosthetic (artificial replacement) and cosmetic.

People who have lost teeth may be unable to smile or speak because they are embarrassed. Tooth loss can also make it difficult to bite appropriately, leading to poor eating habits and other health problems such as malnutrition.

Following a dental implant, you may experience several negative consequences, including:

  • Gum bruising
  • Gums that are swollen
  • Bleeding gums
  • Pain in the area around the implant.

Remember that these adverse effects should go away after a few days. If these symptoms persist or worsen, contact your dentist.

Dentists can help with recovery in a variety of ways. Most dentists, for example, use sutures that dissolve on their own.

You should avoid chewy and hard foods like candies and potato chips for several days after surgery.

Even after the implants have healed completely, you must return to the dentist every six months for checkups.

Types of Dental implants

The three most common types of dental implants are endosteal, subperiosteal, and zygomatic. Endosteal is the most common and safe method. Subperiosteal comes next, and zygomatic is the most complicated.

1. Endosteum Implants

They are used to secure objects and resemble screws. They place something inside the jaw where the dentures will go. For most patients to qualify, the post must be able to fuse to a sound, healthy jawbone.

Once the wound has healed, the artificial teeth can be attached to the implant to match the natural teeth.

If the idea of having something implanted into your jawbone bothers you, you might be more interested in the second most common implant.

2. Subperiosteal Implants

Subperiosteal implants are surgically implanted outside of the jawbone. They sit atop the bone but beneath the gums.

False teeth are attached to poles that stem from the gums. Under the gum is a metal frame with a post. As the gum heals around it, the structure remains in place. This procedure is performed if the patient does not have enough jawbone for an implant or does not want to undergo major oral surgery to add bone to the area. If this describes you, the following implant might be a good choice.

3. Zygoma Implants

The implant is placed in the cheekbone rather than the patient’s jawbone.

You may be interested in learning how implants are inserted now that you are familiar with the three types of implants.

Tooth Replacement Implants

Each person’s dental implant procedure will most likely be unique. One factor that could impact this is the number of teeth that need to be replaced.

Sinus Enhancement

Because of the location of the sinuses, implant placement in the upper jawbone is typically tricky. The surgeon may need to perform a sinus augmentation, a procedure that raises the floor of the sinuses to allow more bone to grow for the implantation to be successful.

Ridge Augmentation

Some people have jawbone problems that prevent them from growing enough bone for an implant. Lifting the gum to expose the malformed bone accomplishes this. This strengthens the jawbone, allowing for dental implant surgery. The area will be repaired and rebuilt with bone or a bone replacement.

Dental Implant Sizes

Historically, the size of an implant was primarily determined by the bone volume’s height, width, and length. Because of the mandibular canal and maxillary sinus constraints, the dentist would choose longer implants for the front of the mouth and shorter implants for the back. The width of the available bone would also determine the breadth of the implant during surgery. A 4-mm implant is typically used.

Biomechanics-based dental implant treatment strategies have been proposed to reduce stress-related common disorders over the years. The first step is to plan the prosthesis. This includes deciding whether the replacement is permanent or removable, the number of teeth replaced, and the prosthesis’s aesthetics. The patient force factors are then applied to the restoration to determine the amount and type of force applied. The major implant placements and quantity are then determined based on the patient’s force factors and bone density at the implant sites. Bone density is measured in potential implant locations. For example, if the patient is paralyzed, the bone is less dense, or there is a cantilever, the increased force on the implant abutments will result in a more strained implant-bone interface.

The implant size is the next factor in this ideal treatment strategy. A comprehensive approach to dental implant overall size begins with identifying the clinical issues that must be addressed. Aesthetic concerns about the implant’s size are also important considerations in the evaluation. Dental implants are intended to transfer loads to the living tissues surrounding them. The biomechanical load management is determined by two factors: the type of applied force and the functional surface area across which the load is distributed. The active surface area of the prosthesis is directly proportional to the size of the implant. Thus, the required clinical outcomes are achieved by combining fundamental science concepts such as force and surface area with engineering concepts.

In a two-stage healing plan, the ideal length for an implant is between 12 mm and 16 mm. The longer the implant, the softer the bone. If the bite force is greater, the implant will be longer.

Molar Implants

Molars are the broad and flat back teeth. Your molars aid in food digestion, making it easier to swallow.

Chewing food is much more difficult without molars. Crunchy or tough vegetables, fruits, and other foods can be challenging to chew. Because you have difficulty chewing, you may need to eat only soft foods. It is critical to have backup plans in place in these situations.

Dental implants are man-made tooth roots that are surgically inserted into the jawbone. Dental implants function similarly to natural tooth roots once implanted. Patients will have a more appealing smile and can eat as they did before tooth loss.

Because the dental implant requires time to integrate with the jawbone, the entire treatment will take several months. This is referred to as osseointegration.

Dental Implant Anchors

Conventional dentures may not always stay in place if they are not secured. They are both irritated and depressed by this movement. As a result, some people may decide not to wear them at all.

This can be changed if dental implants are used to secure the dentures. Dental implants surgically implanted into the jaw hold anchored dentures in place. The dentures now have a firm bite because they are securely attached to the jawbone. You will have an easier time speaking, chewing, and going about your daily activities with anchored dentures.

Replace Missing Teeth

Dental implants are effective for replacing a single tooth but are not always the best option for replacing multiple teeth. Dental implants, on the other hand, are not for everyone because they require surgery and are typically more expensive than bridges or dentures.

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7 Symptoms That Tell You When To See A Periodontist

The following are seven indications of when to see a periodontist. Consult a periodontist right away if you experience these symptoms:


You Have Red, Swollen, or Possibly Bleeding Gums:

A periodontal abscess or infection could be responsible for gum texture, size, and changes in color. This can be detrimental to your overall health, and it could result in tooth loss.

Red and swollen gums can also mean that the plaque has accumulated to the point of irritating and inflaming the gum tissue. Most bleeding gums can be effectively treated, as it’s an indication of the early stages of gum disease. Bleeding will often occur in this case during flossing or brushiing. This is an obvious indication that you need to visit a periodontist. Consulting with a skilled Boulder periodontist can help you address issues before they become more painful and costly.

In the earliest stages of gingivitis, flossing causes bleeding gums (gum disease). Red, puffy, and bleeding gums are frequently signs of periodontal disease, however, if you observe bleeding during or after brushing, or eating, you may have advanced periodontitis and should consult a Boulder periodontist.

Persistent Halitosis:

Bad breath, also known as halitosis, indicates that you need to see a dentist, especially if it persists. Bad breath is one of the earliest indicators of gum disease.

Long-lasting poor breath and taste indicate the presence of bacteria in the mouth, most frequently around the gums. Most of us have experienced foul breath after eating pungent foods, so we may not associate it with illness, however, the periodontal infection can produce persistent bad breath despite brushing and flossing.

Having Teeth That Are Too Sensitive to Heat or Cold:

Advanced periodontal disease can increase tooth sensitivity to heat and cold by exposing tooth roots and causing more gum recession. Erosion of the enamel is another potentially severe issue that can make teeth more sensitive to temperature changes. You may have periodontal disease if you experience pain when eating or drinking something cold or hot. When periodontal disease exposes more of the root surface, cavities and other oral health issues are more likely to occur as well.

Our Invisalign expert, Dr Pauline has changed many smiles since this technology arrived in Kenya. Glad to be among the early adopters. pic.twitter.com/UT2SnzUnT4— The Periodontist (@ThePeriodontist) September 30, 2022

Your Gums Are Receding:

Periodontal disease can cause gum recession. This can make the teeth appear longer than they are but it can also result in a number of uncomfortable physical symptoms including loose teeth or teeth that come out. This is because harmful bacteria can hide in the recessed gum pockets, causing the bone and gums around your teeth to separate. Consult a Boulder periodontist to get it checked.

You Have Pain and Discomfort:

Inflammation is caused by the same kind of pathogens as gingivitis. If gum inflammation is not treated, pockets form around the teeth. Deep periodontal pockets increase the likelihood of bacteria and eventual tooth loss. It is for this reason that bleeding and aching gums should never be ignored. If your gums are inflamed, they might appear more red than usual. Contact a periodontist if your gums are sore, swollen, and prone to bleeding. Schedule a comprehensive dental exam with your dentist to determine the source of the problem and initiate treatment as soon as possible by your trusted Boulder periodontist.


Gum disease could be caused by genes inherited from parents to children. If you or a member of your immediate family has previously suffered from gum disease, you should consult a periodontist.

You Have Noticed a Change in Your Bite:

You have observed a change in your bite. This is a sign of gum disease. See a periodontist as soon as possible if you discover that any of your teeth are loose. Teeth that shift or move, indicate severe periodontal disease. If your gums are receding and your teeth are loose or appear longer than usual, you should see a dentist immediately. You should consult a periodontist if your teeth feel differently for any reason when you chew, speak, or clean them. Some abnormalities with how a person chews their food (their bite) can develop into chronic conditions if they are not corrected. A periodontist can investigate why these changes occur and provide the most effective solution.

These are possible indicators of periodontal disease. Over time, periodontal disease will make teeth less stable. The gums may separate from the teeth, allowing bacteria and food particles to accumulate. As periodontitis worsens, it can lead to bone loss in the affected areas. Untreated, periodontal disease can result in tooth loss. Thus, prevention and early detection are crucial. If you have any of these issues, you should immediately consult a Boulder periodontist.

What Does a Periodontist Do?

Periodontists are dental experts trained in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. Specialists in this profession are known as periodontists. They typically spend an additional three years in school following dental school, learning more advanced procedures in this specialty.

Many general dentists refer patients with more complex periodontal issues to periodontists. Periodontists are dental specialists who, among other things, help patients with difficult gum, tooth, and implant issues. Periodontal procedures include

  • scaling and root planing (which cleans the contaminated root surface of a tooth),
  • root surface debridement (which removes damaged root tissue),
  • treatment for oral inflammation, and
  • cosmetic periodontal surgery.

Gum Specialist

Gum health is just as vital as tooth health. A periodontist is a dentist specializing in treating gum disease and other conditions affecting the soft tissues and bones that support the teeth. A periodontist is, effectively, a Gum Disease Doctor! Your dentist may recommend you see a periodontist if he/she sees that you could have some more complex periodontal issues that need treatment . A periodontist has the education, training, and expertise to treat gum disease and help individuals maintain healthy mouths.

Some people may require the assistance of a periodontist repeatedly, especially if you are a patient with a history of gum disease. People genetically predisposed to gum disease typically require regular dental and periodontal cleanings. Your general dentist and the periodontist will collaborate closely during your treatment. You will see both of them frequently so that your teeth and gums remain in excellent condition.

Difference Between Dentist and Periodontist

A general dentist, sometimes called a family dentist, provides routine and emergency dental care. For instance, a general dentist will provide regular dental examinations and cleanings. General dentists also repair teeth by filling cavities and installing crowns and bridges. Before obtaining a license to practice general dentistry in the United States, dentists must attend dental school for four years.

A periodontist is a specialist in the treatment of gums and soft tissue. These specialists mainly address concerns with your gums, jawbone, and other soft tissue structures that support your teeth. Becoming a periodontist in the United States requires four years of dentistry school and three additional years of specialized training.

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